Hints:- Introduction – born in Gujarat on 2nd October 1869 – truthful – studied in England – practised in South Africa – back in India in 1919 and fought for freedom – became leader,led mass movements – jailed several times – India freed in 1947 – ideal non-violent,simple – lived close to masses – Mahatma by Rabindranath – shot in 1948.
Mahatma Gandhi, the ‘father of the Nation’ was the saintly leader of India. He was born on the 2nd October, 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat.He was honest and truthful from his very boyhood. He went to England to study law. He practised at the court of South Africa to defend the rights of the Indians living there. Gandhiji came back to India in 1919 and turned the tide of Indian history. He started Satyagraha against the British misrule. Soon he became the leader of the Indian National Congress. He led many mass movements viz. the non cooperation, Civil disobedience, Quit India movements, etc. He was sent to jail several times. Ultimately India on Independence on the 15th August 1947.His method of movement was non- violent. He led a simple, sincere and saintly life. He lived close to the Indian masses. He was named ‘Mahatma’ by Rabindranath. Unfortunately,the father of the nation fell to the bullet on 30th January, 1948.